PENGARUH KEKUATAN IMPAK POLIESTER BERPENGUAT SERAT BAMBU HAUR DAN FIBERGLASS PADA APLIKASI BUMPER MOBIL

indonesia

  • Raliannoor Raliannoor balai latihan kerja pelaihari
  • A'yan Sabitah UNISMA Malang

Abstract

Abstract.


The process of developing composite materials is greatly increasing, the need for quality composite materials and the development of composite manufacturing technology are increasingly dominating in the machinery industry. The aim of this research is to develop a composite material with bamboo fiber reinforcement and glass fiber as an alternative to automotive raw materials to replace plastic. Preparation of composite specimens with each reinforcement with a volume fraction of 2%, 2.5%, and 3%.


The polymer material used is Yukalac BQTN 157-EX polyester as the matrix. With haur bamboo fiber and fiberglass as reinforcement. Making specimens using the hand lay up method. The test carried out is the impact test of composite specimens. The Impact Test is carried out using the ASTM D 5896 standard.


Based on the test results, it can be concluded that the effect of fiber volume fraction on the characteristics of composite samples for impact test. Composite strengthened with bamboo haur and fiberglass powder at 2.5% weight volume fraction has the most ideal characteristic, which has an average impact strength of 0.8412 J/mm2. , and with an average impact strength of 0.3180 J/mm2 at a weight volume fraction of 2.5%. Equivalent to automotive raw materials, namely to develop polyoxymethylene alternative plastic materials.

References

[1]. T.Wahyudi, C.Kasipah, and D.Sugiyana. (2015). Extraction Of Fiber from Bamboo (Gigantochloa Apus) for Raw Material Of Creative Industry. vol. 30 no. 2,pp.95-99. Bandung. Arena tekstil.
[2]. O. Suparno and R.Danieli. (2017). Penghilangan Hemiselulosa Serat Bambu Secara Enzimatik untuk Pembuatan Serat Bambu. vol.27, pp.89-94. Jurnal teknologi industri pertanian.
[3]. D. Yulianto, Syawaldi and Sarimadoni. (2015). Analisa Pengaruh Variasi Model Komposit Anyaman Serat Daun Nenas Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Bemper Mobil dengan Menggunakan Metode Air Gun Compressor. Riau. . vol.1, pp.1-6, Mei. Studi Teknik Mesin Universitas Islam Riau.
[4]. T.Mutia1, S.Sugesty, dkk. (2014). Potensi Serat dan Pulp Bambu untuk Komposit Peredam Suara. Bandung. Balai Besar Pulp dan Kertas.
[5]. Kosjoko. (2017). Pengaruh Perlakuan Alkali Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik dan Bending Bahan Komposit Serat Bambu Tali (Gigantochloa Apus) Bermatriks Polyester. Fakultas Teknik Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember. Jember. Prosiding SENSEI.
[6]. Anonim. (2015). Annual Standar ASTM. USA. ASTM.
[7].. Yudhanto and Ferriawan. (2014). Teknik Composite Material. Yogyakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.
[8]. D.A.Porwanto and L.Johar.M. (2014). Karakterisasi Komposit Berpenguat Serat Bambu dan Serat Gelas sebagai Alternatif Bahan Baku Industri. ITS. Material teknik industry.
[9]. Wawan T.P. Ismono. Fadelan. Yoyok.W (2017). Analisa Hasil Uji Impak Sampah Plastik Jenis PP, PET, dan Campuran (PP + PET). Ponorogo. Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo.
[10]. Anonim, Annual Standar. (1985). Concerning The Adoption Of Uniform Conditions Of Approval And Reciprocal Recognition Of Approval For Motor Vehicle Equipment And Parts, Regulation No. 42. Uniform Provisions Concerning The Approval Of Vehicles With Regard To Their Front And Rear Protective Devices (Bumpers, Etc.). Geneva. AIS.
Published
2020-06-28
How to Cite
RALIANNOOR, Raliannoor; SABITAH, A'yan. PENGARUH KEKUATAN IMPAK POLIESTER BERPENGUAT SERAT BAMBU HAUR DAN FIBERGLASS PADA APLIKASI BUMPER MOBIL. ELEMEN : JURNAL TEKNIK MESIN, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 28-37, june 2020. ISSN 2581-2661. Available at: <http://je.politala.ac.id/index.php/JE/article/view/115>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.34128/je.v7i1.115.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.