Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement


This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in our journals, including the authors, the editors, the peer-reviewers, and the publisher (Politeknik Negeri Tanah Laut ). This statement is based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.


Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication


The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed JE journal is an essential building block in developing a coherent and respected knowledge network. It directly reflects the quality of the authors' work and the institutions that support them. Moreover, peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore essential to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in publishing: the authors, the journal editors, the peer reviewers, the publisher, and the society.  


Politeknik Negeri Tanah Laut, as this journal's publisher, takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing, and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the Politeknik Negeri Tanah Laut, JE, and Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals or publishers where this is useful and necessary.


Publication decisions


The editors of the JE journals are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.



Fair play


An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy.





The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.



Disclosure and conflicts of interest


An editor must not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript in an editor's research without the author's express written consent.




Duties of Reviewers



Contribution to Editorial Decisions


Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions, and the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.





Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.





Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Therefore, they must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.



Standards of Objectivity


It should conduct reviews objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Instead, referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.



Acknowledgment of Sources


Reviewers should identify relevant published work that the authors have not cited. The relevant citation should accompany any statement that the author had reported observation, derivation, or argument. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper they have personal knowledge of.



Disclosure and Conflict of Interest


Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be confidential and not used for personal advantage. In addition, reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.





Duties of Authors



Reporting standards


Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its significance. The author should represent underlying data accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.



Data Access and Retention


Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.



Originality and Plagiarism


The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works and if the authors have used the work and words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.



Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication


An author should not generally publish manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.



Acknowledgment of Sources


Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have influenced the nature of the reported work.



Authorship of the Paper


Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.



Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects


If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must identify these in the manuscript.



Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest


All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. In addition, all should disclose all sources of financial support for the project.